Fire Temple Baku Ateshgah
Fire Temple is also known as the Temple of Eternal fire – Ateshgah. The place is well familiar across the different countries of the world. Originally it is located 30KM from the center of City Baku in the Surakhany Suburb.
It is well familiar due to the unique phenomenon of nature which is actually the burning of the natural gas. This temple consists of many natural gas burning outlets. In this phenomenon, the gas from the earth crust comes out of the surface of the earth and when it contacts with the oxygen it lights up. The present look of the temple was constructed back in the 17th and 18th century. And originally built by the Hindu community related to the Baku Sikhs.
The history of the Fire Temple Baku is very interesting and even longer. In the ancient time, that place was the Holy Place of Zoroastrians which use to worship the fire. This inextinguishable fire holds a mystical significance for them and that’s why they came here to worship fire.
History of Fire Temple Baku Ateshgah
Just after the Islam, the Zoroastrian temple was destroyed by the Muslims. Most of the Zoroastrians leave the Baku and went to India where they Worship fire. But later on, during the 15th to 17th many of the fire-worshipers came to the Absheron with the purpose of trading. They start repopulating the temple. They built the first part of the temple in 1713. And the central part of the temple was built in 1810 with the support of a famous merchant Kanchangar. More construction of the temple done during the 18th century like Chapels, cells, and a caravanserai added in the building of the temple.
Later on, in the 19th century, the temple got what it is now. Fire Temple Ateshgah is a pentagonal structure with the entrance portal and castellation. In the mid of the temple yard, an attar-sanctuary is placed in the form of the stone bower and in some more center, there are towers. And in the middle of the attar a well from which the burning gas come out and light up.
It is equipped with the traditional guest room to stay. There is also a big pit near the fire temple Baku where the Hindu used to burn the dead bodies of the dead Hindus.
During the mid of the 19th century, the natural gas ceased due to the movement of the surface. The Hindus consider it as that’s their God has left and it’s a punishment. Ateshgah of the Baku is considering a place of worship until 1880. But nowadays this Zoroastrian Temple is used for the attraction of tourists and now it consists of artificial fires. Undoubtedly, the Fire Temple Baku is a great place to visit. A lot of people from across the borders used to visit the place and try to find out the mystical nature of the Zoroastrian Temple or Fire Temple Baku.
Amazing Facts About the Zoroastrian Temple Baku – Azerbaijan
The whole area around the Zoroastrian Temple Baku has been charged. A lot of residential homes are surrounding the temple area and the railway line passed to cut close to the main entrance of the temple.
Before the groundskeeper turns the gas on and set on lighting the flames. But now they created the illusion that the temple is still back and flames are lighting the same natural gas which seen early.
A lot of work still going on inside the fire Temple Baku Azerbaijan and many of the rooms have been constructed to enjoy the ancient traditions. The central structure is operational and there is a lot of things to see or worship.
- The place where the fire temple Baku is located is called Surakhani, the word is in Tat language which means ‘Hole with the fountain’. The Tat language is very much similar to the Persian.
- At the Temple Ateshgah Baku Azerbaijan, there are many holes from which the natural gas came out the earth surface and when its contact with the oxygen it turns into fire. In Persian, the word ‘Atesh’ means the fire and ‘Gah’ means the bed and on together it is the bed of fire.
- The fire Temple Baku is considered as the Holy place and has been visited by many historians including the Anania Shirakastsi the Armenian Geographer.
- Zoroastrians were the first worshippers of fire and that’s why it is also called the Zoroastrian Temple. And the whole region was the part of Persian Empire.
- Once the region came under the Islam influence, the Zoroastrian completely disappear. Actually, they didn’t completely disappear from the place. In the 10th century, the famous Geographer Abu Ishaq Ibrahim wrote the ‘Fire Worshippers’ lived not so far from the fire Temple Baku or the Ateshgah.
- Again, in the 18th Century the Sikhs, Zoroastrians, and the Hindus start coming back with the trading caravan in Baku.
- The region has immense importance for the trading because it fell on one of the most famous trading routes which actually connects the West to the Indian Sub-continent through Central Asia.
- The renovation and construction work of the temple again started after the arrival of the Hindus, late in 17th and 18th Century.
- The Zoroastrian Ateshgah consists of 14 Sanskrit, one Persian and two Punjabi inscriptions. The Persian inscription has a number of grammatical errors.
- The two Sanskrit inscriptions at the Fire Temple Baku belongs to the Lord Ganesha and Jwala Ji while the second one is considered as the innovation of Lord Shiva. The inscriptions invented by Lord Shiva has swastika and motifs of the Sun.
- According to Abraham Valentine Williams Jackson, the inscriptions were carved between the 1668 and 1816 AD (After Death).
- The flame of the fire holes in the fire Temple Baku used to burn naturally till 1969.
- And now the fuel for the fire is used to burn and fed the gas pipeline which coming from the Baku.
- In 1998 Zoroastrian Ateshgah is listed as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
All of the above-mentioned amazing facts and figures of the fire temple Baku Azerbaijan. They are only a few of them actually the site worth more to write about.
Fire Temple Baku Map – Zoroastrian Ateshgah Baku
Get a chance to visit the Fire Temple Baku, Zoroastrian Ateshgah Baku and observe the traces of the Ancient fire worshipper at Ateshgah. The fire temple Baku as a whole now present as a museum have the signs of 17th & 18th Century. Here we are providing you the Fire Temple Baku Map which can help you a lot to find out the top spots in Baku Azerbaijan.